Author: Jiwen Chang, is deputy director and researcher of the Institute of Resources and Environmental Policy, Development Research Center of the State Council of China, Professor at Hunan University Law School and School of Economics and Humanities of the China University of Geosciences. He is also the capital "Ten Outstanding Youth Jurist" (2010), the “Green China Person of the Year” (2014-2015), and the Chief Expert of “P. R.China Act on Anti-cruelty to Animals” (2010) and “P. R. China Act on Animal Protection” (2010).
Abstract: On February 24, 2020, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress passed “The Decision on Comprehensively Banning the Trade in Illegal Wildlife, Eliminating the Bad Habit of Eating wildlife, and Ensuring People's Health and Safety”. Dogs and cats should not be eaten from aspects of mankind’s emotion, public health risks, social order and international image. From the perspective of nutrition acquisition, employment, economy and social support, it's not hard to break the bad habit of eating cats and dogs. As parts of China, Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan have legislated to ban eating dogs and cats. Now Shenzhen of China mainland has released the draft of “Regulation on the Shenzhen Special Economic Zone's Total Ban on the Consumption of Wildlife”. It expands the scope of the ban to "prohibit the consumption of animals and their products for non-edible purposes such as scientific research or pet keeping." Now it is time for the national level legislation to eliminate the bad habit of eating cats and dogs
Synopsis: Unattended stray dogs and cats are in close contact with the environment. They carry some viruses or bacteria or are the intermediate hosts for some viruses. Thefts of such animals, some are even poisoned before thefts, increased the public health risks enormously. Pets are essential companions for the elderly and bring joy to family life. The bad social habit of abusing and eating cats and dogs is bound to hurt people’s feelings.
Keywords: Bad habit, cats and dogs, eating, prohibition, China, Yulin.
Editor's note: Whether the original source of the outbreak of the novel coronavirus is the South China Seafood Market in Wuhan has not yet been determined. However, in the wake of the outbreak, many have called for better regulation of wildlife, especially for eating wildlife. On February 24, 2020, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress passed “The Decision on Comprehensively Banning the Trade in Illegal Wildlife, Eliminating the Bad Habit of Eating wildlife, and Ensuring people's health and safety”.
"Eating wildlife is a bad habit of human beings. People did so before because there was nothing to eat and they have to feed themselves and their family. People are not in hunger anymore so why still eating wildlife?" said Zhong Nanshan, an Academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering, at a press conference held by the Guangzhou municipal government and Guangzhou Medical University on Feb 27. He said given that nearly 80 percent of acute infectious disease in recent decades has come from animals, the decision of total ban on eating wildlife is important for the prevention and control of infectious diseases.
On February 25, The Draft of “Regulation on the Shenzhen Special Economic Zone's Total Ban on the Consumption of Wildlife” was released, expanding the scope of the ban to "prohibit the consumption of animals and their products for non-edible purposes such as scientific research or pet keeping." In this context, Jiwen Chang, Deputy Director of the Institute of Resources and Environmental Policy at the Development Research Center of the State Council, whom has long focused on legislation on preventing animal abuse and consumption of cats and dogs, submitted a legislation proposal on the total ban of eating dogs and cats to the Southern Weekly.