Bees are essential for the sustainability of the biodiversity in Nature and in the production of agricultural cultures because they critical role in politization. Nevertheless, their population is currently threatened by many reasons (environmental, biological and y anthropical), which also affect to the domestic bees. Several international organizations have alerted on the consequences of decreasing the bee’s populations and recommended to put in place initiatives of foment and protection of beekeeping, both in rural and urban conditions.
For these reasons, in early 2019 the experimental apiary named UABee was created, located at the Campus de la UAB en Bellaterra (Valles Occidental), included in the facilities of the Service of Experimental Fields and Farms of the UAB. Its objectives are the demonstration, teaching and research on bee biology and beekeeping. Its management is performed by a voluntary group of teachers and students from the UAB, coordinated by Prof. Gerardo Caja (Faculty of Veterinary), and with advice of known bee specialists. Currently, the UABee apiary has 6 settled hives of Dadant type, which are populated with bees of the Black Iberian variety (Apis mellifera iberiensis), and equipped with sensors for bee activity and hive evolution remote monitorization. Results obtained from its creation show a satisfactory adaptation of the bees to the peri-urban conditions of the Campus, with a honey pollinic profile typical from Mediterranean bush and forest, as well as an harmonic coexistence with the University community. The recorded data allowed until today the production of several research articles and Thesis.