With 113 votes in favor, 0 against and 2 abstentions, the consolidated text of three parliamentary motions seeking to ban animal testing for cosmetics was approved. After this approval, the bill advances to the second constitutional procedure in the Senate, where it will be discussed again.
The fight against animal testing has been going on for years in Chile. The first parliamentary initiative in this regard was presented on January 13, 2016, by the so-called Parliamentarians for Animal Dignity bench (PARDA), bill No. 10514-11 and had the support of the organizations Te Protejo and No More Vivisección. This bill never saw movement in the Chamber of Deputies. This legislative discussion was reactivated in December 2020, with the presentation of the bill No. 13966-11, followed by bills No. 14180-11 and No. 14193-11 presented in April of this year. In August of this year, these last three bills were merged, and the new text was approved by the Chamber of Deputies’ Health Committee.
The text approved by the Chamber of Deputies, and which will be discussed in the Senate, incorporates the following amendments to the Health Code:
- The use of animals is banned for the performance of safety and efficacy tests of cosmetic, hygiene and personal odorization products, and of each one of their ingredients, combination of ingredients or final formulations. Alternative methods recognized by the Institute of Public Health (ISP) or by the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) must be followed.
- The ban of the sale, commercialization, importation, and introduction into the national market of cosmetic, hygiene and personal odorization products whose ingredients, combination of ingredients or final formulations have been tested on animals to demonstrate their safety and efficacy, after the entry into force of the act.
- The ban will not apply if the test is required by the Institute of Public Health (ISP), which will apply only in the absence of another method or alternative strategy to the use of animals recognized by the ISP or by the OECD, to demonstrate the safety parameters; that the ingredients are subject to restriction in their concentration for cosmetic use; consider that the cosmetic ingredient is widely used and cannot be replaced by another capable of fulfilling a similar function.-In addition, no new scientific evidence derived from animal testing can be used to establish the safety or efficacy of the products mentioned.
- Labeling regulations to inform consumers.
- Fines ranging from 500 to 1,200 MTU (monthly tax unit) not following the regulations.
In addition, Act No. 20,380 on animal protection was amended to ban experiments on live animals for the purpose of research, manufacture, or marketing of cosmetic, hygiene or personal odorization products and to punish the violation of this ban as a crime of animal abuse.
If the bill is approved in the Senate, it would enter into force twelve months after its publication in the Legal Gazette.